[21] Junyō's air group was deployed to Buin, Papua New Guinea on 2 July in response the American invasion of Rendova Island on 30 June. [9] They fired .25-kilogram (0.55 lb) projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 900 m/s (3,000 ft/s); this provided a maximum range of 7,500 meters (8,202 yd), and an effective ceiling of 5,500 meters (18,000 ft) at +85°. They spent most of the time after their repairs training and ferrying aircraft before returning to combat. Both ships participated in several battles during the Guadalcanal Campaign in late 1942. [27] The ship was under repair at Yokosuka until 15 September. [26] The ships returned to Japan in late May and sailed for Truk on 7 June,[19] but Hiyō was torpedoed that evening and forced to return to port for repairs. [26], Hiyō departed Japan for Singapore on 24 November. [21], In late October 1942, during the Guadalcanal Campaign, Junyō took part in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands. [25], Hiyō had returned to Japan in December and Junyō followed in February. [10] They fired 23.45-kilogram (51.7 lb) projectiles at a rate between 8 and 14 rounds per minute at a muzzle velocity of 700–725 m/s (2,300–2,380 ft/s); at 45°, this provided a maximum range of 14,800 meters (16,200 yd), and a maximum ceiling of 9,400 meters (30,800 ft). 1002 Ship respectively to keep their conversions secret. Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru (出雲丸) in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. Their aircraft were disembarked several times and used from land bases in a number of battles in the South West Pacific. [12] In mid-1943, four more triple mounts were added and another four triple mounts in late 1943–early 1944. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦ Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan) were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II.They were laid down in 1939 and commissioned in 1942. ¹ "Flying Hawk")[1] was a Hiyō-class aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy. At this time, Air Group 652 consisted 81 Zeros, 27 D3As, 9 Yokosuka D4Y "Judy" dive bombers and 18 Nakajima B6N "Jill" torpedo bombers, roughly evenly divided among the three ships. This is great if youâ re concerned about the economics of obtaining significant numbers of trees for your site, then growing trees from seeds â ¦ Larches are easy to graft and therefore easier to grow vegetatively than by seed. Hiyō was torpedoed in June 1943 and Junyō in November; both ships spent about three months under repair. This latter system was fitted on the port side of the hull, outboard of the rear elevator. Malgré les dégâts, le Jun'yō regagne Sasebo le 18, et des réparations commencent. [24] In December 1942 – January 1943, the carrier covered several convoys that brought reinforcements to Wewak, New Guinea and her air group was based there for several days to protect the forces there before returning to Truk on 20 January. Four Type 95 directors controlled the 25 mm guns and another pair were added in early 1943. Most of its remaining personnel were assigned to Air Group 653. The next day, they found the small seaplane tender, McFarland, in Lunga Roads offloading avgas into barges. Further information might be found on the talk page. No aircraft catapult was fitted. Noté /5. Les deux navires participent à la bataille de Guadalcanal fin 1942. Steam was provided by six water-tube boilers; Junyō had Mitsubishi three-drum boilers that operated at a pressure of 40 kg/cm2 (3,923 kPa; 569 psi) and temperature of 420 Â°C (788 Â°F) while Hiyō had Kawasaki-La Mont boilers. were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II.Both ships of the class, Hiyō and Junyō, were originally laid down as luxury passenger liners before being acquired by the IJN for conversion to aircraft carriers in 1941. Japanese aircraft carrier Hiyō. [5] A large island was fitted on the starboard side that was integrated with, for the first time in a Japanese carrier, the ship's funnel. NYK was only interested in a maximum speed of 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph) to save fuel, but the Navy wanted a maximum speed of no less than 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph) so they compromised by limiting the performance of the turbines to 80% of maximum power during peacetime. Saved by Sea, Air & Land. A detachment from the air group was transferred to Buin, Papua New Guinea on 1 November and participated in the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal later in the month. Junyō carried 18 A6M2 Zeros and 18 D3As for this operation. ¹, 'Flying Hawk') was the name ship of her class of two aircraft carriers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). 188–89, 193. Hiyō-class aircraft carrier ~ Template:Hiyō class aircraft carrier; H. Japanese aircraft carrier Hiyō ; J. Japanese aircraft carrier Jun'yō; Last edited on 4 April 2013, at 13:08. In addition, their machinery spaces were further subdivided by transverse and longitudinal bulkheads to limit any flooding. Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru (出雲丸) in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. Ship- Hiyō class aircraft carrier. They had a beam of 26.7 meters (87 ft 7 in) and a draft of 8.15 meters (26 ft 9 in). [28], Junyō ferried aircraft to Singapore in mid-August and troops and equipment to the Caroline Islands the following month. Both ships of the class were originally laid down as luxury passenger liners before being acquired by the IJN for conversion to aircraft carriers in 1941. [30], The Japanese fleet was en route to Guimares Island in the central Philippines on 13 June, where they intended to practice carrier operations in an area better protected from submarines, when Vice Admiral Jisaburō Ozawa learned of the American attack on the Mariana Islands the previous day. [31], At dusk, the Japanese turned away to the northwest to regroup and to refuel and the Americans turned west to close the distance. The ship was tasked to support the invasion of the Aleutian Islands, a diversionary thrust in support of the attack on Midway. A torpedo hit from one of her B5Ns, however, did force the Americans to abandon their effort to repair Hornet. This was revised to substitute a dozen Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighters, and three in storage for the A5Ms by the time the ship commissioned in 1942. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦, Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan?) Junyō was stricken from the Navy List on 30 November and scrapped between 1 June 1946 and 1 August 1947 by the Sasebo Ship Company. Two hours later, a large explosion occurred when leaking gasoline vapor ignited and it knocked out all power on the ship. Jump to: navigation, search. This knocked out the starboard engine room and started fires, but Hiyō was able to continue, albeit a slower speed. Both ships of the class were originally laid down as luxury passenger liners before being acquired by the IJN for conversion to aircraft carriers in 1941. Home Military technology Naval aviation technology Aircraft carriers Aircraft carrier classes Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers. Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Japanese naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Hiyō-class_aircraft_carrier?oldid=4441360, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, 11,700 nmi (21,700 km; 13,500 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Shipyard, Nagasaki. The three carriers launched multiple air strikes against the American ships, but generally failed to locate them and did not inflict any damage while losing most of their aircraft. Junyō was initially classified as an auxiliary aircraft carrier (Toketsetsu kokubokan), but following the loss of four Japanese fleet carriers in the Battle of Midway, she was redesignated as a regular carrier (Kokubokan) in July; Hiyō, completed after the loss of the carriers, received that designation from the beginning. [7], Their air group was originally intended to consist of 12 Mitsubishi A5M 'Claude' fighters, plus four in storage, 18 Aichi D3A 'Val' dive bombers, plus two in reserve, and 18 Nakajima B5N 'Kate' torpedo bombers. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; WikiShootMe; Search depicted; English: Hiyo was an aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. [32] Hiyō was struck by two bombs, one of which detonated above the bridge and killed or wounded virtually everyone there. Aircraft carrier Hiyo: Career (Japan) Name: Hiyō : Laid down: 30 November 1939: Launched: 24 June 1941: Commissioned: 31 July 1942: Struck: 10 November 1944: Fate: Sunk 21 June 1944 Battle of the Philippine Sea. Kashiwara Maru and Izumo Maru were temporarily referred to as No. [16], The ships were purchased on 10 February 1941 by the Navy Ministry for the price of Â¥48,346,000 and their armament and aircraft cost an additional Â¥27,800,000. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Begun as an ocean liner in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. [19] Air Group 652 claimed two Grumman F6F Hellcat fighters and nine Grumman TBF Avenger torpedo bombers shot down, but lost 11 aircraft, plus another three that had to ditch. Each director mounted a 4.5-meter (14 ft 9 in) rangefinder. The ship's fighters were unable to do so; seven transports were sunk and the remaining four transports were damaged. Le Hiyō est torpillé en juin de l'année suivante, le Jun'yō en novembre. Hiyō class aircraft carrier. A dozen single mounts were also added, some of which were portable and could be mounted on tie-down points on the flight deck. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 25 octobre 2018 à 15:56. Leaving her aircraft behind, the carrier returned to Japan in late July. The ships had a designed speed of 25.5 knots, but both exceeded that by small margins during sea trials. The Queen Elizabeth class is a class of two aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom s Royal Navy. [13], Two Type 94 high-angle fire-control directors, one on each side of the ship, were fitted to control the Type 89 guns. While their ship is under repair, HIYO's aircraft (21 A6M2 fighters, 9 B5N2 attack planes, 18 D3A2 dive bombers) and crew are assigned to temporary duty on the light carrier RYUHO. Her sister ship became the Junyō. To facilitate this process, they were fitted with a double hull, additional fuel oil capacity, provisions for the fitting of additional transverse and longitudinal bulkheads, installation of a longitudinal bulkhead to separate the turbine rooms, a strengthened main deck, more height between decks, rearrangement of the superstructure and passenger accommodations to facilitate the installation of aircraft elevators and hangars, more space for additional wiring, installation of a bulbous bow and the addition of aviation gasoline storage tanks fore and aft of the machinery spaces. Each hangar could be subdivided by four fire curtains and they had fire fighting foam dispensers on each side. Junyō was the first of the sisters to be completed in May 1942 and the ship participated in the invasion of the Aleutian Islands the following month. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦, Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan?) At this time, her air group consisted of 18 Zeros, 18 D3As and nine B5Ns. [22] During this time, Hiyō's remaining aircraft flew to Rabaul on 23 October where they provided air cover for Japanese forces on Guadalcanal. The Americans failed to locate Ozawa's ships that day and the Japanese turned south to maintain a constant distance between them and the American carriers as Ozawa had decided on launching his air strikes early the following morning. The ships were ordered as the fast luxury passenger liners Izumo Maru and Kashiwara Maru by Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Steamship Company-NYK) in late 1938. The air group was last in priority to be rebuilt and only had 30 Model 21 Zeros, 13 Model 52 Zeros and four D3As on hand on 1 April of its authorized 81 fighters, 36 dive bombers and 27 torpedo bombers. https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Classe_Hiyō&oldid=166893903, Classe de porte-avions de la Marine impériale japonaise, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Histoire militaire/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. The maximum effective rate of fire was only between 110 and 120 rounds per minute due to the frequent need to change the fifteen-round magazines. [19] On 15 October, the two carriers reached the vicinity of Malaita Island in the Solomon Islands and their aircraft discovered a resupply convoy for Guadalcanal that was escorted by the destroyer Meredith. [23], In mid-November 1942, Junyō was tasked to provide air cover for the convoy bringing reinforcements for the Japanese forces on Guadalcanal during the three-day-long Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. Retrouvez Japanese Aircraft Carrier Jun'yō: Hiyō Class Aircraft Carrier, Imperial Japanese Navy, Battle of the Aleutian Islands et des millions de livres … This was angled 26° outwards to help keep its exhaust from interfering with flight operations. Get free shipping on orders over $75. This list may not reflect recent changes . [21], Junyō was hit by two bombs near her island. She was assigned to the Fourth Carrier Division of the 1st Air Fleet, together with RyÅ«jō. Their aviation gasoline tanks and magazines were protected by one layer of Ducol steel. She arrived on 3 December and was almost immediately assigned duties as an aircraft ferry until January when the ship returned to Japan. Upon reaching Guimares, the fleet refuelled and sortied into the Philippine Sea where they spotted Task Force 58 on 18 June. Jentschura, Hansgeorg; Jung, Dieter; Mickel, Peter (1977). The lead ship, HMS Queen Elizabeth was named on 4 July Queen E. Add your article. Although it was possible to fit all these aircraft into the hangars, eight or nine were usually stored on the flight deck to reduce crowding below decks. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 30 janvier 2020 à 15:56. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Japanese aircraft carrier Hiyō. ¹åž‹èˆªç©ºæ¯è‰¦, Hiyō-gata kōkÅ«bokan?) ¹, "Flying Hawk") was the name ship of her class of two aircraft carriers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). Two plates of Ducol steel, each 25 mm (0.98 in) thick, protected the sides of the ships' machinery spaces. Junyō was then effectively hulked for the rest of the war. They carried 4,100 metric tons (4,000 long tons) of fuel oil which gave them a range of 11,700 nautical miles (21,700 km; 13,500 mi) or more at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). Junyō's armament was ordered removed on 5 August and the ship was surrendered to the Allies on 2 September. [19] While returning from Manila, Junyō was attacked by the submarines Sea Devil, Plaice and Redfish early in the morning of 9 December 1944. The ship was deemed not worth the cost to repair by the Americans after the surrender of Japan in September and she was broken up in 1946–47. The two carriers were intended to play a prominent role in the Japanese effort to retake Guadalcanal Island and were assigned to the Advance Force for this operation. Saved by David Andrews. ¹, "Flying Hawk") was the name ship of her class of two aircraft carriers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). Laid down November 20, 1939 as the fast luxury passenger liner Idzumo Maru by Nippon Yusen Kaisha (Japan Mail Steamship company) but was instead purchased by the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) in 1940 along with her sistership Kashiwara Maru which became Junyō. [21] In the meantime, the Japanese Navy had restructured its carrier air groups so that one air group was assigned to one carrier division and Air Group 652 was assigned to the 2nd Carrier Division with Hiyō, Junyō and RyÅ«hō on 1 March. Both ships of the class were originally laid down as luxury passenger liners before being acquired by the IJN for conversion to aircraft carriers in 1941. The ships mounted a crane on the port side of the flight deck, just aft of the rear elevator. Dive bombers from the sisters blew the ship's stern off, but failed to sink McFarland. Begun as the ocean liner Izumo Maru (出雲丸) in 1939, she was purchased by the Navy Ministry in 1941 for conversion to an aircraft carrier. Those aircraft that remained at Rabaul flew back to Truk by 11 November, but the Buin detachment was ferried back to Japan on 14 December. Conçus à l'origine pour être des paquebots de luxe, l'Izumo Maru et le Kashiwara Maru sont acquis par la marine impériale japonaise durant leur construction en 1941, en échange d'un financement à hauteur de 60 %[1]. They displaced 24,150 metric tons (23,770 long tons) at standard load. The two Hiyō-class aircraft carriers were built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during World War II. Their aircraft were supposed to provide air cover after the Japanese night attack that retook Henderson Field and then they were to be flown ashore,[20] but Hiyō's machinery problems caused her to return to Truk. On 3 November, she was attacked by the submarine Pintado, but her escorting destroyer, Akikaze, deliberately sacrificed herself by intercepting the torpedoes and sank with no survivors.